Gulab Jamun, Surya Namaskar, Keema And More: 70 New Indian Words Added to Oxford English Dictionary
New Delhi, Oct 26: Anna, Abba, Bapu are among the 70 new Indian words that have been added to the Oxford English dictionary. Surya Namaskar, Gulab Jamun are also among the 70 Indian origin words added to the OED in the September update of 2017.
The word Anna already existed in the dictionary as a noun, meaning a former monetary unit of India and Pakistan, equal to one sixteenth of a rupee. Anna2 (also annan), noun, has been added, meaning ‘elder brother’. ‘Abba’, the Urdu word for father, has also been added.
India’s food makes a wide mention across the OED with words like Keema, Mirch, Mirch Masala and Namkeen being added.
The new Indian words have been added besides the over 900 Indian words that already exist in the OED, implying they are now globally accepted terms. Here is a list of the new Indian words that have made their way to the Oxford Dictionary:
Anna: Elder brother
Bada din (also Burra Din): Christmas.
Bapu: A father (often as a form of address).
Bhavan: A building used for a special purpose, such as meetings or concerts.
Chakka jam: Deliberately creating a traffic jam as a form of protest
Chamcha: An obsequious person.
Chaudhuri: The headman of a region; a local chief.
Chhi-chhi: Used to express disgust.
Chup: Be quiet.
Dadagiri: Intimidating, coercive, or bullying behaviour.
Desh: A person’s or a people’s native land.
Devi: The supreme goddess, often identified with Parvati and Sakti.
Didi: An older sister or older female cousin
Diya: A small cup-shaped oil lamp made of baked clay.
Dum: Cooked with steam.
Funda: A basic or fundamental principle underlying something.
Gosht: Red meat.
Gulab jamun: An Indian sweet consisting of a ball of deep-fried paneer boiled in sugar syrup.
Gully: An Indian alley
Haat: A market, especially one held on a regular basis in a rural area.
Jhuggi: A slum dwelling typically made of mud and corrugated iron.
Ji: Used with names and titles to show respect
Jugaad: A flexible approach to problem-solving that uses limited resources in an innovative way.
Keema: Minced meat.
Kund: A tank or small reservoir in which rainwater is collected for drinking.
Maha: Very large or great.
Mirch: Chilli peppers or chilli powder.
Mirch masala: Elements providing interest or excitement.
Nagar: A town, city, or suburb.
Nai: A barber.
Namkeen: A small savoury snack or dish.
Natak: Drama or dramatic art.
Nivas: A place of residence; a house, block of flats, etc.
Qila: A fort or fortress.
Sevak: A male servant or attendant, especially a male attendant in a temple responsible for performing or assisting with the daily rituals of worship.
Sevika: A woman employed to advise and assist in matters of community welfare and development.
Tappa: A short folk song of northern Indian origin.
Timepass: The action or fact of passing the time, typically in an aimless or unproductive way.
Udyog: A company, especially one involved in manufacturing.
Vada: An Indian dish consisting of a ball made from ground pulses and deep-fried.
Earlier this year, chana and chana dal had also made their way to the Oxford dictionary.